Taxes and additional purchase costs - Mallorca Properties
Additional charges on top of the purchase price

Taxes and additional purchase costs when buying a property in Mallorca

When buying a property in Mallorca, there will be additional purchasing costs such as taxes, notary and lawyer fees, as well as various other charges. Here one differentiates between one-time additional purchasing costs and ongoing additional costs.

One-off taxes when buying a property

Land transfer tax

The purchase of a second-hand property is subject to real estate transfer tax (ITP). The land transfer tax rate for the Balearic Islands (Mallorca, Ibiza, Formentera, Menorca) is staggered:

  • the first € 400,000 of the purchase price is taxed at 8%.
  • from 400,000 € the tax rate increases (up to 11%) depending on the purchase price

The tax must be paid within 30 days of the transfer of ownership.

Value added tax

While the purchase of a used property is subject to land transfer tax, VAT (IVA) is payable on the purchase of a property for initial occupation (new building). The applicable tax rate depends on the type of property: For residential properties including garage parking spaces (max. 2 per residential unit), 10% IVA must be paid on the purchase price.

When buying land from a commercial company and when buying commercial property, the tax rate is 21%. Real estate transfer tax and value added tax are never payable together, but either one or the other tax is paid.

Purchases of properties subject to VAT are also subject to stamp duty (tax on notarised legal transactions).

Notarisation or stamp duty

In the Balearic Islands, the tax rate has been 1.5% since 1 January 2020 instead of the previous 1.2%. The old tax rate will remain the same if the purchase of the first home is less than €200,000. The deadline for payment of the stamp duty is 1 month after signing the notarial deed. Stamp duty is also levied on mortgages, but due to a change in the legal situation it has to be paid by the lender since 2018. Proof of payment of the stamp tax is a prerequisite for registration of the notarial deed in the land register.

Notary fees

The notary public's fees are generally paid by the Purchaser and calculated in relation to the fixed purchase price. As a rule, the notary's fees are max. 0.5% of the purchase amount.

Fees for land register entries

The costs associated with the registration of the property in the land register are also almost always paid by the buyer and are calculated in relation to the purchase price set out in the purchase agreement. This amount can also be put at a maximum of 0.5% of the purchase price, but in most cases it is significantly less than this amount.

One-off taxes on the sale of a property

Income tax on capital gains

The profit from the sale of a property owned by a non-resident must be taxed. This profit from the sale of real estate is calculated as the difference between the purchase price (plus additional purchasing costs at that time such as taxes, modernisation and renovation costs, depreciation, brokerage costs and the proceeds of the sale. A 19% tax is payable on the profit thus calculated. In Spain there is no speculation period, so the profit is always taxed at the same rate of 19 %, regardless of whether the purchase was made 5, 10 or 20 years ago.

The 3 % withholding tax

In Spain, there is a special rule concerning the income tax payable by the seller on the profit made on the sale. The buyer retains 3% of the notarised purchasing price and must pay this to the tax office within one month as an a-conto payment on the seller's profit tax. In this way the Spanish tax authorities secure a part of the expected profit tax. The non-resident seller must file a tax return for the property sale within 4 months of the sale, in which he or she can then deduct the 3% as a payment already made on the final tax liability.

Capital gains tax (Plusvalia municipal)

In addition to the profit tax, the seller has to pay the so-called value-added tax (Plusvalia municipal), which is levied by the local authorities. It taxes the (fictitious) increase in value of land and property since the last notarisation. To calculate it, one needs the cadastral value of the land, the duration of ownership and the calculation factor of the respective municipality. Plusvalia's tax liability is payable to the tax office within 30 days.

Ongoing annual taxes

Property Tax

Land tax (IBI) is levied on the value of rural and urban land on the basis of the cadastral value by the competent municipality and is payable annually. The level of the land tax is set by the municipalities and varies throughout Spain between 0.4% and 1.1% for developed land and between 0.3% and 0.9% for undeveloped land. In the Balearic Islands, the property tax is multiplied by the cadastral value by means of a certain factor and is related to the development. The exact values are available from the municipal administration on request.

Income Tax

Income tax (IRPF) for personal use of the property
The Spanish tax authorities tax a non-resident who only uses the property for holiday purposes on the benefit of self-use as fictitious rental income. The tax is 19% to 1.1% of the cadastral value.

Income tax on rentals
If the property is let to a non-resident, income tax of 19% on the rental income is payable for this period. However, various costs are deductible, e.g. interest on mortgage loans, community costs, property tax, maintenance costs, insurance, depreciation = 3 % p.a. on the value of the buildings. 

If you have any questions about buying or selling property in Mallorca, please do not hesitate to contact us.


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